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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

40                                          FLORA INDICA.

This genus consists of a few species natives of marshes in the arctic and temperate
regions in both hemispheres, with one species in the mountains of tropical America.

1.  C. Jpalnstris (L. Sp. 784) ; caule erecto vel adscendente (inter-
dum ad nodos radicante), foliis orbicularibus vel reniformibus,  DC.
Prod. i. 44 ; Ledeb. JL JRoss. i. 48 ; Torr. et Gray, M. N. Am.-\. 26.
C. Himaiensis, Don, Prod. 195 ; Royle! III. 54.    C. Govaniana, Wall.
Cat, 4710 ! Roylef III. 54.    C. paniculata, Wall. Cat. 4711 1

~0. alba.  C. alba, Jacquem. Mss.; Garni, in Jacg. Toy. Sot. (5. t. 4.
HAS. In paludosis' Himalayas interioris temperate et subalpinse, alt.
 8r-10,000 ped.: a Kashmir ! ad Nipal ! (PL Jun!) (v. v.)

DISTBIB. Europa, Asia, et America temperata ! Japonia, Siebold.

Herla seepius erecta, 1-2-pedalis. Folia radicdlia louge petiolata, rbtundata vel
reniformia, interdum subdeltoidea, basi profunde cordata, lobis divaricatis, clegauter
crenato-dentata, rarius Integra, diametro 3-5-polHcariaj caulwa pctiolata vel sub-
sessilia, petiolis basi auricdis rotondatis membranaceis stipulatis. Caules ramosi,
mnltiflori, rarius humiles, subsimph'ces, 1-flori. Mores paniculati, diam. 1-2-polli-
cares, aurei (in var. ft albi). -Sepata ovalia vel obovata. Fotticuli oblongi, juniores
acuti, matnri ssepitts truncati rarius subacuti, coriacei, stylo brevi apiculato, 5-10,
in speciminibus Indicis interdum 20.

TKe Indian plant is identical with that of Europe, and varies in the same way in
the degree of dentation and in size, being very luxuriant at moderate elevations, and
becoming small and stunted, at its highest level. The white-flowered variety is a
remarkable one, but it is undistingoishable in the herbarium.

2.  C. scaposa (H.f. et T.) $ acaulis, midtiscapa, foliis ovali-ob-
longis.

HAB. In alpibus Sikkim int., alt. 15-17,*000 ped. in paludosis. 
<F1. Jul.) (o. t?.) 

ILadix crassa, fibrosa. Folia omnia radicalia, longe petiolato, ovali-oblonga,* basi
profunde cordata, coriacea, integerrima vel repando-crenata, l-l-|-pollicaria. Scapi
3-6-pollicares, nudi, 1-flori* Fhres diametro pollicares et ultra, aurei. SepaJa 5,
obovata, tarde dectdua, interdum sub fructu maturo persistentia. Fotticuli 8-30,
chartacei, stipitati, erecto-patentea vel tecurvi, semipollicares, lineari-oblongi, stylo
subulato apiqulati.                                                          *

11. CALATHODES, H.f. et T.

Sepala 5, ovalia, sestivatione imbricata, colorata. Petala 0. Sta-
mina indefinita ; Jilamenta filiforinia ; antheres Hneari-pblongae, adnatse,
loculis marginalibus lateraliter dehiscentibus. Ovaria 10 vel plura,
extus basi gibba, bblonga, rostrata. Ovula 8-10 prope .basiit ovarii,
placentis 2 nerviformibus intramarginalibus prope suturam ventralem
sitis inserta, liorizontalia, rhaphe inferior! Sfyli retrorsum unoiuati;
superne stigmatosi.  Herba jperennis, erecta, Trollii facie ; foliis palma-
tim sectis ; fL

This is a very remarkable plant, which has* the flower of Calthet with the divided
leaves of Trollvus. The habit is so different &om that of Caltha that the two could
scarcely he-united, even if the floral organs were the same in all respects j whilst the
insertion of the ovules in Calathodes is so remarkable, that no doubt can exist as to
the propriety of distinguishing it genetically.